Pirate Retro Software


Spectrum and C64 software came on cassette tapes which were inserted into data recorders (or tape recorders) and could be loaded into memory by typing a command such as load””. These computers relied on a series of sound signals which were never pleasant to listen to as they were horrible screeching sounds. Quite often you would have to wait up to ten minutes (for a Spectrum 128k game especially) to load when it could crash, meaning you had to re-adjust the volume and start again. In case of a low recording, the game cassette would usually have a separate copy on the other side.
Most people could copy these games by using a hi-fi system with twin cassette decks. By inserting the original game cassette in the first deck and pressing “play”, and inserting a blank cassette in the second deck and pressing “play and record” you could get a perfect copy. You could buy cassette tapes for saving data such as a C15 which allows you to record up to fifteen minutes. Some people would use a C90 which would allow them to store many games at once.

If you didn’t have access to twin cassette decks then you could use software. On the Spectrum you could use something like “007Spy” which would allow you to load the entire game into memory and then back up onto a blank cassette. Some games had different ways of loading such as the pulsing (or clicking) loaders, a method used by many Ocean Software games. This led to the release of other software capable of tackling these loaders. The average Spectrum game would consist of a short piece of code (the header), a loading screen and the main code. This is the standard loader, easy to copy.

When the Spectrum 128k +3 was released it came with a built in floppy disk drive. As there were only so many games released on +3 disks, methods were used to transfer them from tape to disk. The standard loader was easy. All you had to do was type merge”” to get into the editor code and save that to a +3 disk (save”a:program-name”). Next you would load the loading screen higher into memory (load “screen-name” code 30000) and save that to a +3 disk. Finally you would do the same thing with the main code and add the load commands to the main header code.

For the more complicated loaders a suite of programs called “007 Trans-Master” was used to convert the files into the standard format so they could be saved to +3 disks.


The great thing about the Atari ST and Amiga computers was that you could lay your hands on hundreds of pieces of free software, no need to pirate commercial software. There were many PDLs (Public Domain Libraries) who would distribute free software for the price of a disk and postage, and for their distribution work. The actual software is free and covers anything from demos to games and pictures to music files. There was also the shareware method where you pay a small subscription fee to receive extras for full versions of the software and licenceware where the PDL would offer a small commission to the original contributor.

Atari ST software was normally copied using dedicated disk copiers such as “Fast Copy” while the Amiga used the popular “X-Copy”. However some disks were protected and therefore other more powerful copying software had to be used.


Software publishers have used many forms of production to deter copying such as the more complicated loaders on the Spectrum. Other methods would require the user entering a word or letter from the manual before they could get into the game, or choosing a series of colors or symbols from their book to match the ones on screen. Some games allow you to think you have copied them until you have played them for so long and notice some nasty surprise. The game “Shadow of the Beast” turns the screen upside down on certain levels for example.

This lead to the rise of Cracking Groups such as the famous “Pompey Pirates” on the Atari ST who would hack into the game and remove the copy protection. They would then release a number of games (hacked and packed) onto a single floppy disk which were passed around to various users.

Guide to Loan Management Software

You need a robust Contact management.

At its core, contact management part of the LMS is all about keeping information from various sources organized. If you’re looking for a better way to store and manage customer information, LMS is the best solution for your business. It acts as an entire database for all types of insights on customers, including contact information, loan applications, loan and transaction histories, how customers browse your website, ways and times they’ve applied a loan with your company, demographics, interests, personal preferences and more. You can then use this information to segment customers for marketing purposes or to easily search for customers who fit specific criteria.

You’re looking for an automated way to boost sales.

LMS doesn’t just keep your contacts organized – it also offers a bevy of tools to help you boost sales and execute more effective marketing campaigns. These include:

Lead Generation. Find new customers by automatically taking-in leads from various sources like social media, website visitors, lead providers, inbound calls, newsletter sign-ups and more.

Email Marketing. Automatically build email lists, launch email marketing campaigns and measure performance. Loan Management Software can also send email reminders to customers and prospects to drive sales – for instance, by reminding them of abandoned loan applications, suggesting loan products or promotions that they may be interested in and other ways to make up for missed sales opportunities.

You’re looking for an automated way to funnel your leads

A robust LMS doesn’t allow you to work on leads, thereby wasting your precious time. It integrates a configurable under-writing engine that does the first level of filtering your quality leads.

Under-writing. Qualify and filter leads automatically with pre-defined set of rules or criteria (Under-writing), so that, you only have to spend of quality leads when they are sent to Credit Bureaus for Scoring.

Scoring. From a lenders perspective, just qualifying leads is not enough to accept the leads because every lead is associated with a certain cost. The leads need to be scored for various criteria before they are accepted. There are various Credit Bureaus in the market that allows the leads to be scored and sometimes, the leads should pass through multiple Bureaus’ Verifications before they are accepted. A good LMS should allow such integrations of multiple Credit Bureaus to score leads and sometimes with an option to define order in which they should pass through each Credit Bureaus

Verification. Now that, we have the quality leads that need to be verified. Only at this point that, your Agents start calling the leads and go through various verification steps of Loan Application. A flexible Loan Management Software lets you define the verification process, call queue, agent allocation to different type of leads, auto originate loans for good leads etc. Any lead that passes this verification is ready for approval upon the customer signing the Electronic Loan Agreement.

You’re looking to streamline the Loan Approval Process

Loan Agreement. The Electronic Loan Agreement binds the customers with the lender. Any lender’s choice would be to have multiple loan agreements for different loan types or products and the ability to add or truncate rules based on the lending rules of each state.

E-sign. Any lead that passes this verification is ready for approval upon the customer signing the Electronic Loan Agreement, which is called E-Sign. A good Loan Management Software either has an inbuilt E-Sign mechanism or allows to integrate with E-Sign Services like DocuSign or HelloSign. In-built mechanism obviously reduces the cost while integration allows you to use the service of your choice for E-Sign Process.

Loan Approval. The moment customer signs the E-Sign Document, the Loan Application sent to the Agent’s Manager for Approval. In case of a good lead, if an auto-origination process is defined in the Loan Management Software, the Loan Application is automatically approved and is ready to be funded. Other Loan Applications are approved by the Agent’s Manager and on approval and goes for funding.

You’re looking to automate payment processing

Payment Processing. Once the loan is approved, it will be ready for funding. The funding can happen immediately or at the end of each day. An efficient Loan Management Software should be capable of defining when and how the funding should happen every. Usually, the payments are processed through ACH Providers. The Loan Management Software can integrate one or multiple ACH providers based on lender specifics.

Return Processing. Receiving returns from the bank or payment processors and updating them in the LMS can be quite a tedious task. The returned transaction must be charged with an NSF Fee or a Late Fee, which has to be notified to the customer. The LMS you choose should have the ability to automatically process this information.

Collection. Collections are a part of any lending portfolio. Non-performing loans may be handed over to collection agencies by the lenders. This follows a set of rules that varies based on the state and lender. The LMS you choose should have the means to accommodate the rules and should be flexible enough to change at any point of time.

Computer Cooling Hardware

Your heatsink and fan can probably handle the heat, but the additional cooling can’t hurt. Here are some popular options if you are looking to add a new cooling system to your computer:

  • Water cooling system. Several companies currently offer both external and internal liquid systems that can efficiently cool a wide range of processors, whether you have a P4, or a late AMD processor such as the K7 or K8. Some come with a nifty control panel that shows the processor temperature and speed of the fan.
  • Memory cooling system. CPU’s are not the only hardware component that becomes dangerously hot during prolonged computer usage. Your memory cards can also produce a large amount of heat. To combat this, there are memory heat spreaders available to dissipate RAM heat. The aluminum bars attach to the RAM module, providing an outlet for the heat – working much like a CPU heatsink.
  • Heavy-duty fan system. Fans are not at all out of the cooling picture. Replacing the ordinary manufactures fan with a custom model can be beneficial to your CPU’s performance. There are many new fan-type cooling systems available, including some that blow air powerfully around the heat sink, much a like a miniture jet engine.

There are quite a lot of options when it comes to properly cooling your PC. The process of setting up just the right cooling system for you can be fun and rewarding. Chances are fairly good that if your computer is less than 3 years old, it could benefit immensly from improved cooling and ventilation.

Learning To Speak Computer Language

The first thing that you should understand about computers are some of the basic terms that are used in order to talk about the computer properly. Rather than thinking you are dealing with a lot of technobabble, it’s important for you to understand the basic terms so that you can speak to somebody about your computers intelligently. One of the reasons why it may be necessary for you to do so is if you are having problem with the computer and need any type of repair done. It may also be necessary for you to speak a computer language properly during any type of IT recruitment, as you would want to ensure that you are getting individuals onto your IT team that understood computers very well.

It may also be necessary for you to take some type of computer based training so that you can properly inform your employees as to how they should be using the computers on a daily basis. If you have ever heard the saying that something is only as strong as the weakest link, that is especially true when it comes to a computer network. If somebody that is working for your company is acting recklessly online, it is likely that problems are going to occur that will cost you both time and money. By educating your employees properly about the use of the computer, particularly when it comes to using it online, you will save yourself quite a bit of frustration.

Along with learning about computers and the technical terms that are necessary to speak about computers intelligently, it is also important to make sure that you are updating your equipment regularly. Of course, it is not going to be necessary for you to keep up with the absolute latest in technology, as that is continually changing. What is necessary, however, is for you to ensure that all of the software that is running on your computers is updated regularly. If any type of a patch is given for a software that you are using, be certain that you install it as soon as possible. The same is also true for any updates for antivirus or anti-spyware programs that may be operating on your computers. By updating those programs regularly, you will help to ensure that you are keeping your computers as safe as possible from all the latest threats that may be in the world.

Internet And Privacy Issues

Cookie proliferation

The unseen cookie software that tracks your browser and personal data are likely to multiply in 2016. Your system is liable to accumulate more cookies. The truth here is “Advertising companies, marketers, and other data profiteers depend on cookies to no more on your identity”, learning what you may be interested in shopping. Five (5) to ten (10) years ago, if you opened some specific websites in your web browser, you would get cookie from their advertising/marketing agents, maybe a couple, and that would basically be it.

Seizing cloud data

You loving how easy it is to grab date through cloud services-and so do law enforcement agencies. Gartner predicts that 36% of the U.S. consumer content will be stored in the cloud by 2016.

But whether you use email service, storing files in Google Drive, or upload, everything you write, or post gets stored in a server belonging to the online service and not to you. The only true protection is to understand that anything you put up there can be accessed by somebody else.

Location data betrayal

Your mobile phone is the primary Nosy Parker, but your location you post to social networking websites are revealing sources, too. Showing your whereabouts get easier as other location-beaming devices from smarter watches to Google Glass to smarter cars come online.

“When you leave your house and go to a friend’s house, run every day jobs, visit a lover-whatsoever you do-if your Geo-location is tracked and recorded, senior policy analyst Jay Stanley of ACLU’s Speech, Privacy and Technology Program says that’s a lot of information about you,”.

Equipped with this data, advertisers might (for example) send you promotions for nearby businesses, wherever you are.

Data never forgets a face

Posting and tagging photos online may feel like fun, but behind the scenes it helps build a facial recognition catalog which makes escaping notice increasingly difficult for anyone.

“Most consumers are in the leading facial recognition database in the world, which are the social networking websites,” the enormous quantity of photos uploaded to this websites makes it a giant-for the privacy issues surrounding this technology.

If these social networking websites uses this data strictly to help you find other people you know on their website, it might be okay. But Lynch says that when social networking websites sells user information to third parties, picture data may be integrated-and the sanctity of the information later is uncertain. “Social networking websites says they take concern in protecting the data, but we don’t know how they do it,” she says.

Effective Cloud Migration

  • Fundamentals of Cloud Migration
    Cloud-based integration is really essential when multiple applications are put together for a common business goal; it helps you to for smooth communication between the data sets across different applications. If you have a clear understanding of cloud integration challenges and process, it will help you manage the whole integration process effectively and run the entire course seamlessly and help you get the most out of your investments.
  • Understanding the Budget
    One of the primary reasons for high adoption of cloud migration is the budget aspect. Effective and proper integration helps enterprises to save substantial costs on software purchases and licensing. First up, you need to analyse your monthly and yearly package options along with the other budgeting elements needed for cloud integration such as number of the subscriptions, bandwidth constraints, one-time migration costs, integration price, subscription and discount offers, client servicing charges and exit costs.
  • Understand the Scalability
    Cloud-based integration is a remarkable aspect to consider while selecting a cloud service provider. Capacity to collaborate multiple cloud applications can empower your enterprise to enhance its productivity. Planning for the future is also equally crucial and thus you should be aware of the cloud vendor’s pricing model for next version upgrades, increase in the volume of users and corresponding database, upgrade in data storage, backup expenses and upgrading additional features. Thus, keenly understanding the cloud package will help you to manage your budget effectively.

Science of Computer Forensics

This new branch is a slowly evolving new field of study. The aim of this branch of computer science is to determine the modus operandi of the cyber thiefs and not only bring them to book, but to prevent such criminal acts in future, through proper softwares and of course legislations.

Forensic techniques and expert knowledge are largely used to explain how the device has been tampered with, such as a computer system, storage medium, electronic documents (e.g. email messages or JPEG image).The scope of a forensic analysis can vary from simple information retrieval to reconstructing a series of events. This branch has been defined as involving “the preservation, identification, extraction, documentation and interpretation of computer data”. Computer forensic methodology is backed by flexibility and extensive domain knowledge and is often the culmination of hardwork, intuitive observations and proven inferences.

Through appropriate legislation, in India, forensic evidence is subject to the usual requirements for digital evidence requiring information to be authentic, reliably obtained and admissible.

Computer forensic investigations usually follow the standard digital forensic process (acquisition, analysis and reporting).

A number of techniques are used during computer forensics investigations like cross-drive analysis, analysis of deleted files etc. The examination of computers from within the operating system using custom forensics or existing sysadmin tools to extract evidence. A common technique used in computer forensics is the recovery of deleted files.

Although it is most often associated with the investigation of a wide variety of computer crime, computer forensics may also be used in civil proceedings. The discipline involves similar techniques and principles to data recovery, but with additional guidelines and practices designed to create a legal audit trail.

Field Inspection Mobile Form Apps

  • Saves time – Collecting data through paper based forms is a tedious process. Further curation and data entry into database is time consuming and error prone. Mobile field data collection will save a lot of time.
  • Reduces costs – Manually conducting paper based surveys incurs additional costs associated with printing, transportation and data entry into databases. Mobile data collection procedures will ensure lower costs in the long run bringing monetary profits for the businesses.
  • Improves Data Quality – Mobile apps can prevent human errors from surveyors and field inspectors. Possibility of human errors is further reduced by removing the need of data entry process. Mistakes in the survey forms can be detected in advance and apps can be updated on the fly.
  • Data security – Paper forms are prone to damage due to negligence or catastrophic events. This can be prevented by using mobile data collection apps which will simultaneously upload data to replicated servers.
  • Live data analysis – Mobile data collection apps can upload data instantaneously which can be used by business leaders to generate live reports and enhance decision making capabilities.
  • Better compliance – With data collection software, a set of predefined standards are mentioned and can be checked easily which allows field inspector to spot any non-compliance measures.
  • Technical training – Training field staff and providing them with updated documentation adds to the costs when using paper based data collection. The mobile apps can provide the field technicians with automated training and tips to help them do their job correctly. They can easily access to updated documentation from the app.
  • Improve performance – It is often difficult to track performance, quality of work and productivity levels of field staff. Using KPIs collected from mobile data collection apps, executives can monitor the performance of field staff and take measures to improve the performance.
  • Safety and emergency – It’s not possible to track the conditions of the employees on field in emergency situations like a collapsed mine, a downed power line or gas leak. It becomes difficult to lend real time support. With Usher professional, managers can view the current location of employees on a map and review their recent activities.

How To Format Hard Drive

A hard disk drive in computing is a type of storage device made up of hard disk platters, a spindle, read and write heads read and write arms, electrical motors, and integrated electronics contained inside an airtight enclosure.

Now you know what the hard drive is. Let’s stick to the point and start with the information on the title of this article. How to format a hard disk drive….

First of all, you should have a reason if you really want to learn how to format a hard drive. But don’t forget that formating a hard drive does NOT permanently delete your data!

Of course, when you format your hard drive you think that the data is really deleted, but that is not the case.

The fact is that the data you have “deleted” can be restored. Nonetheless, you should not experiment with formatting a hard drive because you never know what may happen. Of course, it also depends on the software you use, for example, there are such products that will permanently delete the data you want and then you can continue the process of how to format a hard drive.

In fact there is nothing so difficult in it. You first need to decide what operating system you intend to load after formating a hard drive.

It is best and easiest to use a boot disk for that Operating System, such as MS Dos6.2 or Windows95b or Windows98SE. You will need the proper Windows95/98 boot disk in order to load these operating systems on the computer, else it will reject loading due to the wrong Operating System on the computer.

Then you will have to insert your boot disk in the floppy drive and start the computer.

Once the system has completed booting and an A: prompt appears. You will need to type format C: /s and then press Enter. The function of this command is to tell the system to format your “C” drive and when it is finished to copy the system files to the drive.

The “/s” switches for “System”. You can format a different drive this way by using a different drive letter.

After that you will see on the screen the following text: “WARNING, ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK DRIVE C: WILL BE LOST! Proceed with Format (Y/N)?” and if you really want to continue, type [Y] and then press Enter.

Your screen should display the size of your drive and a countdown in percentage of formatting completed. Depending on your computer’s speed and the size of the drive it can take from a few minutes to over 15 minutes.

When it reaches 100% complete, you will see a new message: FORMAT COMPLETE. SYSTEM TRANSFERRED. This message is to indicate that the files required to boot your computer from the hard drive have been copied from the floppy to the hard drive.

The computer can now boot from the hard drive without a boot disk in the floppy drive.

The last message that will appear on your screen is the following: “Volume label (11 characters, ENTER for none)?” You can either press any key to continue, or simply to press Enter. And now, you can finally begin to load your Operating System.

Keep in mind that you can receive an error message, which says “insufficient memory to load system files”. If you do receive such message, do not worry. It is caused by the lack of a memory manager loaded at boot and your PC can only access the first 1mg of ram memory.

You can handle this situation with two options. The first one is to omit the /s switch when formatting. You should do it by typing this: FORMAT C: and then press Enter. Then when the format is complete, manually add the system files to your hard drive by using this command: SYS C: and press Enter again.

The second solution is to load a memory manager in order to overcome this issue. If you don’t have any you can easily download one from one of the million sites on the Internet.

You see, we have finally reached the end of How To Format A Hard Drive. and consequently – the end of this article. Now you surely know how to format a hard drive. But, once again, don’t play with the commands if you are not serious about formating a hard drive.

5G Ready to Arrive

5G is the 5th Cellular Technology Generation – the G stands as the generation, which follows, the 4G standard that was introduced in 2010. In December 2017, a formal standard was established which lays specification for 5G. So, 5G, when it is about the download and upload speed, will surpass 4G standards by 100 times. Further with 5G, there will be less latency problem existing currently in the network. 5G results will be faster, and the connectivity will be more reliable which will advance the next coming technology.

Implication of the 5G evolution

  • IoT & Autonomous Cars

With the evolution of 5G, the autonomous cars will be more safe, enjoyable, and efficient. 5G has low latency which will allow the autonomous cars to be closely linked with other connected devices, like smart city infrastructure – traffic lights, etc. 5G will simplify the stress we are currently putting on 4G networks with the increasing number of connected devices. IoT will be much more fast and dynamic as there will be a speedy transfer of massive data volumes. Without sacrificing the performance, 5G will connect more and more devices.

  • Mobile Innovation

As quick as the mobile Internet will be, there will be an evolution in mobile innovation too. With superior AR & VR experiences, there will be not seen or not heard before mobile experiences which are not supported by the current generation 4G technology. The present-day smartphone is not aligned to 5G, but as the technology rolls out, there will be tremendous growth in the devices as well. Further ZTE has already announced that the company will be bringing 5G compatible phones by the end of 2018 or 2019’s start. 4G has the strain of increasingly connected devices which will be alleviated by the 5G technology.

  • Home Internet

The technology will first be in the play with fixed 5G so the Home Internet will enjoy a lot of benefits. The most amazing features of the 5G technology are that it doesn’t involve a lot of costly investment in the way it is required for installing the fibre optics cable. The 5G Home Internet will be entirely wireless, letting users enjoy hassle-free Internet experiences.

  • The Future

After a lot of wait and consideration 5G is sure to roll out by the end of this year 2018. We can identify that some of the areas like autonomous cars, Home Internet and Mobile Innovation are bound to evolve with the 5G evolution. However, thing for a long-term, 5G will be bringing powering innovations in the digital scenario.