Software Testing

As a college graduate who has earned his/her graduate degree, maybe you are in a state of confusion to resolve which career stream to pursue? If you guess you give scrupulous attention to details and are interested in pursuing a sedentary job that can help you maximize your precision and have a tendency towards software development then pursuing software testing careers in India is worth the idea. Another very important reason to choose a software testing job is because it is growing rapidly and has a panoptic scope. With that said, it is understandable that there will be a requirement of more and more personnel on a regular basis and therefore numerous job opportunities are plentiful in the industry.

The IT industry has produced a sensation in India and the establishment of various well-known IT parks in cities such as Pune, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Chennai, Noida, etc. has opened several job opportunities for the aspirants. With that said, there is no lack of testing jobs in India for the accomplished professionals, intermediate as well as beginners to choose testing job as a highly cost-effective career choice. Because a maximum number of industries have hi-tech functions, software programs are developed to fit a variety of industry needs. However, as a matter of fact, it is not likely for every organization to deal with its private software production or testing units. Therefore, such QA service providers have evolved as an independent entity offering testing as a standalone service.

Benefiting of launching your career in software testing:

  • Considering the rapidly growing significance and demand for software universally, it is affordable to guess that the demand for the prolific software testers will never wither.
  • Software testing has a clear-cut career path.
  • It transmits transferable skills as well as a second-to-none grounding/knowledge base for other career fields
  • Since no projects are identical, so there is some diversity in the workload.
  • The industry has certifications, so you can leverage to move your career up.

For every development process, the role of QA matters fundamentally, as it is very instrumental in evaluating quality and documents that contribute to augment service level. Jobs in this industry require high levels of accuracy and profound knowledge of the field. With the help of software testing end to end, a professional is able to discover errors and bugs which can later easily be dealt with before the software is delivered.

India is one of the well-known hubs of the IT industry and the demand for software and IT services are invariably shooting up. With that said, there will always be a need for testers for carrying out testing. It is easy to understand that those looking to set up software testing careers can have a very bright and hopeful future; they can look forward to a lucrative career which can go on to build a strong base for a satisfying career.

Data Breach

If you’re a small business and have about 5,000 customers in your database that’s just over $1 million in expenses just to comply with state and federal laws and doesn’t even begin to measure the costs associated with damage to your reputation or brand. That’s a million dollars in costs that aren’t likely covered by your business owner’s insurance policy, general liability, or umbrella liability coverage.

If your company operates on the web this is only one exposure you face, and when I say “operate on the web” I don’t mean being a technology company. Brick and mortar retailers, wholesalers, service companies, and manufacturers all may “operate on the web” if they have any sort of customer interface over the internet. If you exchange personal information of customers, take orders, or conduct commerce over the web you likely have this exposure. If you maintain databases of customers on a computer, server, or cloud (and who doesn’t today) you also are exposed to hackers and unintentional leaks of data.

Firewalls, anti-virus software, and security technology are all good risk management tools, for operating on the web at any level, but so is proper risk transfer (insurance).

The majority of standard business owner’s policies and package policies do not address the various exposures that the internet presents to any business operating on the web. Those policy forms were written in the “pre-internet” age and don’t even contemplate the various exposures you have on the net. But, specialized forms are now available that specifically address these exposures on a portfolio basis – meaning that different coverage parts can be added, subtracted or customized to your specific needs. The best news is that “Cyber-Liability” policies as they are called, are not that expensive, compared to the relatively high cost, and high probability of loss that exists. Many experts today say it’s not “IF” you’ll experience a cyber liability claim, but “WHEN”!

With that thought in mind, let’s think about the other insurance policies most business owners have – property insurance to protect their building and contents from a fire or theft, or other covered peril; general liability insurance to protect them from lawsuits for bodily injury or property damage; workers compensation as mandated by most state laws; auto insurance for their fleet of vehicles; and excess liability coverage, sometimes called an umbrella to provide “extra” liability coverage over their primary general and auto liability policies. How many fires does a business owner experience in their lifetime? How about liability claims for slip and falls?

I’m not saying that a business owner shouldn’t protect these exposures; it’s just a “given” that we must have these policies – it just makes sense to transfer the risk of a potential adverse financial loss (claim) to an insurance company. So if it’s likely that your company WILL experience a data breach at some point in the future, doesn’t it make sense to also transfer that risk to an insurance company? Especially since we know the likelihood of it happening and the costs associated with it?

I will cover the various coverage parts of the Cyber Liability policy forms in the next several posts for a better understanding of what’s involved in this unique and need coverage form.

For more information related to Cyber coverage, Technology insurance, or general business insurance, please do contact us!

Gordon Coyle is the owner of The Coyle Group, a boutique commercial insurance brokerage and risk management consulting firm focused exclusively on the protection needs of business. With 30 years of experience and expertise, my goal is to work collaboratively with clients to: minimize risk, boost operational productivity, strengthen compliance, lower costs and improve profitability. Deploying a unique and diagnostic process that goes beyond just insurance we help mid-market businesses develop long term strategies to control risk that will positively impact corporate operations, employees, livelihoods and the future; all while lowering insurance premiums.

Learned From The Facebook Breach

  • Identifying all devices involved in public access of company data including firewalls, routers, switches, servers, etc. Develop detailed access-control-lists (ACLs) for all of these devices. Again change the passwords used to access these devices frequently, and change them when any member on any ACL in this path leaves the company.
  • Identifying all embedded application passwords that access data. These are passwords that are “built” into the applications that access data. Change these passwords frequently. Change them when any person working on any of these software packages leaves the company.
  • When using third party companies to assist in application development, establish separate third party credentials and change these frequently.
  • If using an API key to access web services, request a new key when persons involved in those web services leave the company.
  • Anticipate that a breach will occur and develop plans to detect and stop it. How do companies protect against this? It is a bit complicated but not out of reach. Most database systems have auditing built into them, and sadly, it is not used properly or at all.
    An example would be if a database had a data table that contained customer or employee data. As an application developer, one would expect an application to access this data, however, if an ad-hoc query was performed that queried a large chunk of this data, properly configured database auditing should, at minimum, provide an alert that this is happening.
  • Utilize change management to control change. Change Management software should be installed to make this easier to manage and track. Lock down all non-production accounts until a Change Request is active.
  • Do not rely on internal auditing. When a company audits itself, they typically minimize potential flaws. It is best to utilize a 3rd party to audit your security and audit your polices.

Wi-Fi Battery Monitor

We’ve learned over the years that the information provided through the internet is invaluable. You can get flight alerts, stock alerts, bank account alerts, and more that can save you from inconvenient or even disastrous situations.

Until now, the first indication you would have that there is a problem with your battery is when you tried to start your vehicle or use the battery for some other function. With the advent of a Wi-Fi battery monitor, you can not only check the status of your battery, it will send alerts to your smartphone to let you know when there is a problem.

Beyond the convenience of knowing that there is a problem with your car battery, the other applications are nearly endless. Contractors that depend on their equipment for their livelihood, corporations and municipalities that depend on backup battery power for computers, emergency lighting, and other key functions, and companies or individuals who maintain remote stations for a variety of crucial functions can all benefit from staying informed on battery status.

These new monitors couldn’t be easier to use. Simply connect the monitor to your battery using existing or supplied cables, connect to your Wi-Fi network just like with your smartphone or computer, install a simple app on your smartphone, and configure the app with the alerts you want. That’s all there is to it.

From that moment on, whenever the device detects a configured alert scenario and is in range of your Wi-Fi network, it will send an alert to your smartphone. Alert scenario examples include a vehicle light was left on and is draining the battery, average voltage is low over a period of time, battery should be checked for effectiveness, and many more.

The user-friendly app is designed to be used on either iOS or Android smartphones and allows you to manage multiple Wi-Fi battery monitors, check the status of your battery from anywhere in the world, and even control compatible battery chargers from your smartphone.

The best wireless battery monitors use a standard for battery monitoring communication known as Connected Power. Connected Power is a set of tools, hardware, and cloud-based infrastructure that allows manufacturers to easily add Internet of Things (IoT) capabilities to batteries and battery accessories.

Wi-Fi battery monitoring is being hailed as the next step in the evolution of batteries and it’s easy to look forward to a time when battery monitoring will be integrated into the batteries themselves.

A wireless battery monitor is the convenient way to make sure your car battery is functioning properly and will always be available when you need it.

If you have a critical function that depends on a battery for its functionality or as a backup, a Wi-Fi battery monitor is the modern way to stay informed about the status of your battery.

We Must Mourn The Casualty Of Technology

If that all sounds a bit ‘Big Brotherish’, as predicted by George Orwell when he wrote 1984 in 1948, perhaps he got it right. Certainly, we’re three decades beyond his nightmarish vision of the future, but there can be little doubt that we are being watched, and in some detail. The trouble is, we don’t know by whom.

And the next casualty could be that fragile concept of democracy. Did Russia hack the west to influence elections? Who knows. Does the technology even exist to make that possible? Who knows that either.

What we do know is that it’s possible to be anyone you want to be on social media; to say just about anything about just about anyone without fear of redress. Invent a persona; say what you like. At least some people will believe it. The result is a growth in the politics of hate; the erosion of a consensus view; of the ability to appreciate that someone else is entitled to a point of view different from one’s own.

There’s no doubt that technology is good for us. Who’d be without a washing machine if they could afford one? It certainly makes life easier than bashing clothes on a rock by the riverside, even though there are places in the world where people still have to do that.

But we need to be in control, as far as possible. We need to think about what could happen to the information we share so freely, that is chipping away at our privacy.

We need to be aware that our phones can track our every move and turn that feature off.

We need to think about who’ll use information the social media post in which we say we’re having a good time in whatever restaurant we happen to be in, and what they’ll use it for.

We need to spend hard cash with the greengrocer or the corner shop or the butcher down the road, rather than with the supermarket, where the constant blipping of tills records the details of our lives. (And what business is it of the supermarket to know what size pants you’ve just bought? Oh, yes; they know all right.)

We need to think about what we’re doing.

We need to work out what technology enhances our lives, and what doesn’t.

In short, we need to think about what we’re doing, and take back control.

Android APK

Applications that are developed for Android platform are Android application. Each application when developed carries many different files and folders within it, that defines its functionalities and resources, and in order to run that app in mobile, one need to create an archive that contains all the necessities. This archive file is known as Android Application APK, i.e. Android package kit.

APK is a full package containing all the necessary data and files that is must to run an app on a Mobile Phone. It consist of

  • Source code used to define App’s functionalities, in general terms referred as classes.dex.
  • Manifest file, i.e. the file that specifies the
  1. Permissions that application needs.
  2. Its flow
  3. Package
  4. Version codes
  5. Signatures.
  6. Certificates.
  7. SHA-1 Digest.
  • Libs, is a directory containing compiled code or jar files, used as library for applications.
  • Assets, it is a directory that has arbitrary files like fonts, audio, texts etc. in it.
  • Resources like XML files that define the layout of different pages of the application.

· It also contains META-INF directory and res directory.

When an app is developed, after its testing, an export APK is generated where the developer signs the app with a secret key to prove his authority over the app. Now, this Signed APK is uploaded to Google play store for its availability for Users.

When a person is downloading an application from any source such as Play Store, he is actually downloading and installing the APK of that application on his phone. Other than Google Play Store, one more place where you can find Android applications absolutely free and without even having an account on Google is APK MIRROR.

APK MIRROR is a website that allows you to download any application that you can find in Google Play Store, without having an account. No extra money is charged for uploading or downloading Applications, and high security measures such as verification of certificates and authorization check of signatures are performed while uploading application in order to provide highly trusted and original applications to the users that are present in Play Store.

No Android Application for APK MIRROR is currently available in Play Store, you have to download the APK of the desired application first from the website and then install it on your phone manually.

One most unique feature that the website provides is to bring you back to the older version of the app if new one isn’t up to the mark. Yes, APK MIRROR lets you find and download the previous version of the app, if you aren’t happy with the current one.

Benefits of Server Virtualisation

Server consolidation

By collapsing physical servers into virtual servers and reducing the number of physical servers, your company will reap a tremendous savings in power and cooling costs. Additionally, you’ll be able to reduce the datacenter footprint which can include diesel generator costs, UPS costs, network switch costs, rack space and floor space.

Reduce hardware vendor lock-in

While not always a bad thing, sometimes being tied down to one particular server vendor or even one particular server model can prove quite frustrating. But because server virtualization abstracts away the underlying hardware and replaces it with virtual hardware, data center managers and owners gain a lot more flexibility when it comes to the server equipment they can choose from. This can also be a handy negotiating tool with the hardware vendors when the time comes to renew or purchase more equipment.

Faster server provisioning and deployment

Server virtualization enables system provisioning and deployment within minutes, allowing you to clone an existing virtual machine without the hours and costs normally spent installing a new physical server. Companies with virtual environments already look back and cringe at the grueling process of filling out a purchase order, waiting for the server to arrive and then waiting hours for the operating system and applications to finish installing. Time and cost add up substantially, not to mention the growing number of racks and cables you would have to purchase to accommodate for the increasing number of physical servers. Datacenter virtualization is most certainly necessary for most businesses to keep up with the explosion of data resources needed to keep pace with competitors.

Reduce the data center footprint

This one goes hand in hand with the previous benefit. In addition to saving more of your company’s green with a smaller energy footprint, server consolidation with virtualization will also reduce the overall footprint of your entire data center. That means far fewer servers, less networking gear, a smaller number of racks needed – all of which translates into less data center floor space required. That can further save you money if you don’t happen to own your own data center and instead make use of a co-location facility.

Improved disaster recovery

Perhaps the greatest benefit of server virtualization is the capability to move a virtual machine from one server to another quickly and safely. Backing up critical data is done quickly and effectively because your company can effortlessly create a replication site. Most enterprise virtualization platforms contain software that helps automate the failover during a disaster. The software also allows you to test a disaster recovery failover-think of it as your data center’s own fire escape plan. If a data center disaster occurs, your infrastructure is already set up to take appropriate measures for a swift and safe recovery. Try achieving that with arrays of physical servers – now that’s a real disaster.

Virtualization saves significant energy costs

Among other server virtualization benefits, the migration of physical servers to virtual machines allows you to consolidate them onto fewer physical servers. The result? Cooling and power costs are significantly reduced, which means not only will you be “going green”, but you will also have more green to spend elsewhere. According to VMware, server consolidation reduces energy costs by up to 80%. Another major plus is the ability to power down servers without affecting applications or users.